Panel 13 – E-books: Vendor Update and a Librarian’s Response

Tuesday, June 16, 2015 8:30 a.m. – 10:00 a.m.
Moderator: Adán Griego
Rapporteur: Daniel Schoorl

Introductions for the speakers were made by Adán Griego (moderator); who also mentioned the influence of SALALM members on e-book pricing.

Sara Casalini – Casalini Libri (Italy)

Demonstrated how to access Casalini scholarly e-content at and described the single title acquisition model and approval selection plans. Both e-books and print books are visible in the Casalini database. Also a new full-text platform launched by Casalini is available at

Lluís Claret – Digitalia Publishing

Digitalia, founded in 2007, continues to grow and has launched new products in 2014, which includes new e-book readers, public library products, and a film library. Multiple databases are represented including many product lines with an emphasis on the humanities and social sciences but also adding more sciences. Digital acquired the publisher Calambur Editorial, which was established in 1991.

Fernando Genovart – Ventara García Cambeiro

Ventara continues to focus on academic libraries in the United States while the Argentine publishing industry wants to gain access to the North American market but perpetual access is still a great concern. Discussed disadvantages of e-resources as relating to high prices and ownership of materials and emphasized that collaboration is key to the survival of traditional book vendors and e-resource companies. Advocates for more trust between libraries/librarians, vendors, and digital publishers.

Leslie Lees – E-libros

Framed the talk as a paradigm shift in the information environment as relating to e-books and libraries. E-libros has 30,000 e-books available for subscription or purchase from Latin America and Spain. The ebrary platform is used by elibros and also García Cambeiro, which allows for simple management of content and includes various business models. Elibros has over 600 publisher partners and offers subscription models for different content at manageable units with varying costs. E-libros is now offering 12 subject collections and a newly added Religion and Philosophy collection, as well as a public library collection with 10,000 e-books. There are multiple purchase options including a rent-to-buy model.

Frank Smith – JSTOR

Demand driven acquisition allows for customized profiles and a seamless user experience. In partnership with OCLC, JSTOR offers MARC records and preservation of e-books and e-journals with Portico. JSTOR is currently working with around 80 publishers in Latin America, including Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru; and is in talks with another two dozen publishers in the region. Around 30% of all searches that end at JSTOR content start at JSTOR, so many users are coming in from other resources.

Wayne Bivens-Tatum – Princeton University (religion and philosophy bibliographer)

Improving the user experience and helping make acquisitions easier for libraries is key. Expressed opposition to artificial restrictions on any type of material but with e-books especially and would not advocate for buying single user licenses. Wants the market to be friction free; barriers to e-books can discourage use, this is especially the case in public libraries. E-book vendors must support academic libraries with interlibrary loan (ILL) and chapter level e-book lending should be widely available. Amazon has fostered the myth that e-books should be cheap but equal pricing for print and e-books is recommended. Sales for resources in the U.S. in 2014: 510 million e-books, 568 million hardcovers, and 542 million paperbacks. Notes that e-books are not diminishing traditional sales; consumers still want print.

Tendencias Editoriales y Realidades Libreras Latinoamericanas

Moderator: Álvaro Risso (Librería Linardi y Risso)
Rapporteur: Wendy Pedersen (Universidad de Nuevo México

Julio Marchena, Libros Peruanos S.A.
Nuevas Tendencias en la Industria Editorial Peruana

Fernando Genovart, Librería García Cambeiro
Argentinean Academic Publishing Industry, Monographs

Vera de Araujo-Shellard, Susan Bach Books from Brazil
Sandra Soares de Costa, Susan Bach Books from Brazil
Publishing Trends in Contemporary Brazil: Who is Minding the Book Store?

S. Lief Adleson, Books from Mexico
Pedro Figueroa, Books from Mexico
Among Books and Dealers: Constants and Changes in the Mexican Academic Publishing Industry

S. Lief Adleson, Books from Mexico
Preliminary Report of the Acquisitions Trends Survey Task Force

Julio Marchena discussed developments in Peruvian publishing. Peru was the featured country this year at the FILBO in Bogotá. He points out that several important contemporary Peruvian authors were first published outside of Peru, names such as Diego Trelles, Jerónimo Pimentel, Jeremías Gamboa, & Gabriela Weiner. “Marca Perú” is a current branding project, a collaborative marketing strategy and a sign of an expanding publishing industry. Noting a connection between malnutrition and illiteracy, efforts are under way to popularize reading in the barrios.

Fernando Genovart discussed Argentina’s 300% increase in publishing since the 1990s. Argentina is currently 4th in production. In 2013, the number for hard copy books was 23,316 and for e-books, 4,441 – many of which were editions of works now out-of-copyright. Buenos Aires Province produces 89% of Argentina’s output. Print runs are smaller and printing on demand is common, all of which is having a negative effect on bookstores. Fernando advises us that Argentina produces numerous journals that show no US holdings and are not available by Open Access.

Vera Araújo and Sandra Soares offered some numbers and then some analysis on the state of publishing in Brazil. In 2013 almost 84,000 titles of all types were published, largely translations. About 5,000 are titles of academic interest; it was noted that Harvard only took 2,500 of these. The greatest numbers of Brazilian publishers are in São Paulo, followed by Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Print runs are dwindling, which accounts for the appearance of so many “edições” of the same title. Publication of devotional material is surging and much of it is being sold to the State, for reasons unknown. Seasonally, the first books to come out each year are school books, with most works carrying the current year imprint appearing in May and later. For approval plans, this makes a case for allowing the previous year’s imprints. Regarding e-books, Vera says, “You don’t see them anywhere”. According to data compiled  by the Câmara Brasileira do Livro, e-book publishing grew by 350% from 2011 to 2012, yet comprised less than 1% of billing.

In Mexico, Lief Adelson and Pedro Figueroa report that most academic publications are directly or indirectly susidized by government, and partnering is widely practiced. History: after the 1985 earthquake, decentralization of many institutions took hold, with public money moving out into the states. Now 40-50% of publishing happens outside the Distrito Federal. There is much more coming out from regional universities, their research institutes, and “institutos culturales estatales”.  Private commercial publishers are in flux; production is declining at Plaza Y Valdez and Siglo Veintiuno. Even FCE (Fondo de Cultura Económica), by far the most widespread imprint in Latin America, dipped in 2013. Newer publishers such as Bonilla-Artigas, Cacciani, Ediciones Endora & Editorial Terracota are on the rise.  As in other countries, the size of print runs is down (500 average for academic works) and print-on-demand is more common. Prices are rising. Although academic departments are under pressure to publish electronically, Mexico produces the lowest number of e-books in Latin America and there is no consensus on platforms. INEGI has stopped printing altogether and now offers their born-digital statistical materials exclusively online.

Paloma Celis-Carbajal briefly discussed the charge of SALALM’s Acquisitions Trends Survey Task Force.


Ebooks en Español: New Developments

Moderator:      Adán Griego, Stanford University
Rapporteur:     Virginia García  Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Kathryn Paoletti, Casalini Libri
Lluis Claret, Digitalia
Leslie Lees, e-libro/ebrary
Fernando Genovart, Librería García Cambeiro
Frank Smith, JSTOR

Adán Griego, moderador de este panel hizo una presentación muy explícita y exhaustiva sobre los e-books, explicando tantos sus ventajas y desventajas.

Casalini Libri

La senorita. Kathryn Paoletti explicó los alcances de la empresa en el servicio de E-Books.

Esta es una empresa dedicada a la venta de los E-Books tanto de libros como de revistas desde hace más de cincuenta años, estos documentos son en su mayoría publicados en Italia, Francia, España, Portugal y Grecia. Cuenta con proyectos de edición digital accesibles a texto completo mediante la plataforma Torossa. Brinda varios servicios para que el procesamiento de los libros sea más ágil.


Explicación de esta base a cargo de Lluis Claret.

Es una base de datos de hispánica de e-books y revistas electrónicas de alta calidad donde se encontrara el mejor acceso a los contenidos en lengua española, Contiene libros de editoriales españolas y latinoamericanas, así como revistas únicas de excelente prestigio en diferentes materias.

La meta de esta empresa es ser un líder en brindar a las bibliotecas una selección de títulos debidamente seleccionados con los mejores procedimientos en gestión de la información.


Exposición por Leslie Lees

Explicación de esta base a cargo de Leslie Lees

Única plataforma académica que paga los derechos de autor por uso. Todos los usuarios al mismo tiempo pueden ver todos los libros electrónicos. Ofrece textos completos, textos de cátedra, libros, artículos, investigaciones científicas y tesis doctorales de todas las disciplinas académicas.

Contiene libros de más de 200 editoriales y realizan pagaos trimestrales de derechos de autor.
Cuenta con contenidos de “acceso abierto” (revistas científicas o journals, artículos científicos) seleccionados cuidadosamente, que están gratis en la plataforma y que conforman un valor agregado para las instituciones.

Se hizo una exposición de las ventajas de esta plataforma, como:  acceso simultáneo,  buscadores sofisticados,  señaladores, descargas para  diferentes dispositivos electrónicos compatibles con Adobe Digital Editions. Aplicaciones para Ipad, Android, informes generales y costos accesibles en el mercado. También mencionó las bibliotecas con las que han empezado a trabajar.

Librería García Cambeiro

Exposición a cargo de Fernando Genovart

Es una empresa familiar de más de 100 años.  Esta empresa provee servicios a importantes universidades norteamericanas.

Su objetivo es aumentar la cobertura de los títulos digitales académicos existentes de América Latina, así como de la literatura gris existente para aminorar costos.  Han introducido las nuevas tecnologías para la catalogación y clasificación del material bibliográfico. Ofrecen acceso perpetuo en pdf, Los archivos están depositados en un servidor en los Estados Unidos, y cuentan también con un back up en la Argentina. Los libros son ofrecidos con el formato Marc, y el acceso es controlado mediante los IP de las bibliotecas.


Frank Smith

Jstor es una biblioteca digital con más de 1,500 publicaciones periódicas académicas, libros y fuentes primarias. Contiene colecciones en e-books de arqueología, historia, sociología política, ciencia y tecnología entre otros.

Los libros son guardados y una vez que se venden a la biblioteca estos le pertenecen de forma perpetua. Disponen de todo el material necesario para el uso de los e-books.  Los usuarios pueden usar y cruzar información tanto de los libros, publicaciones periódicas y todas las fuentes bibliográficas.

El acceso a los e-books es desde el IP de su biblioteca o también de forma remota.  Las fuentes pueden leerse en línea o ser bajados en formato pdf.  Los libros pueden ser prestados como préstamo inter-bibliotecario por las bibliotecas.


E-books Update: New Developments, New Content

Sunday, May 19, 4-5:30

Moderator:   Adan Griego, Stanford University

Rapporteur: Lisa Gardinier, University of Iowa & Michael Hoopes, University of New Mexico


  •, Felipe Varela
  • Digitalia, Lluis Claret
  • Librería García Cambeiro, Fernando Genovart
  • Casalini Libri, Kathryn Paoletti
  • Librarian Perspective, Suzanne M. Schadl, University of New Mexico
  • Librarian Perspective, Angela Carreño, New York University

Griego (Stanford) introduces the panel by asking what has changed since the first inception of an e-book panel at SALALM in 2009 and noting that librarian concerns and vendor responses have been fruitful. He concludes by acknowledging current issues with the portability and compatibility of certain e-readers and the inter-operability of interlibrary loan systems; but states that regardless trends published by ACRL indicate that e-books are here to stay.

Despite the growth of digital formats from Latin American publishers, it appears that numbers are fairly low, with each country producing fewer than 5% of its publications in digital formats. Current studies on e-book usage in academic and public libraries are briefly discussed.

Individual presentations from e-book vendors are given by representatives of Casselini (Italy), Digitalia (Spain), (Spain), and Libreria Garcia Cambeiro (Argentina/Brazil).  While each vendor’s product is distinct, all three vendors discuss similar topics that include the special formatting, search capabilities, compatibility with mobile devices and citation exporters, and purchasing for their specific products.

Angela Carreño (New York University) discusses her institution’s decision to adopt a publisher platform and e-book strategy. She touches on the needs of certain services within e-books such as note taking and searching that make for a comfortable scholarly research environment, stating that the development of user/research-friendly platforms is a process very much still in development.

Suzanne Schadl (University of New Mexico) discusses UNM libraries goals for e-book development (eventually holding 40% of their collections in ebook format to be accessed whenever and wherever patrons desire) and some current infrastructural obstacles. She notes that different users have different needs, and that while e-books stand to create space for studying and important physical items, they are not the only answer for academic research. Furthermore under-resolved infrastructural problems at UNM like poor wireless internet access in some parts of library buildings make to efficient ebook usage and promotion difficult. E-book displays also prevent obstacles for individuals seeking to read from their smartphones or tablets.


Hortensia Calvo  (Tulane) asks Carreño whether e-books will be utilized in study abroad and international campus sites of American universities.  Angela states that special programs like the NYU branch campus in Abu Dhabi and increasing pressure on research libraries to collaborate in smarter ways of making e-books more useful for branch campuses.

Vera Araújo (Susan Bach Books, Brazil) laments that the only e-books in abundance in Brazil are self-published books, novels, etc. How is the situation in other Latin American countries? Are there many e-books from Peru, Colombia, or Uruguay? A vendor responds by stating that Brazil is somewhat behind, and there is currently little interest among Brazilian librarians with regards to e-books.

A discussion on free materials takes place, with one Argentine librarian discussing the financial constraints of his institution and the common practice of uploading/downloading PDF files for academic use, a practice that accomplishes the same role as the e-book. One digital publishing representative responds by first stating that the debate surrounding free materials is a difficult one, and that he is personally against the use of free content. Such content is also unstable, available online one day online and gone the next.  Another representative is supportive of official open access titles, stating that the problem with organizations that only provide open access titles struggle to provide certain titles. The third representative states that the commitment of an e-book purchase ensures that a title will be stable and readily available to library patrons.

Angela Kinney (Library of Congress) expresses an interest in title-by-title (non-bulk) purchases of e-books. This desire is spurred by a lack of space for physical books. Her library also desires to develop a model that obtains a publication in a package that includes the physical book, the marked record, and the digital item. Is it possible for e-book vendors to conform to this three-part package? The e-book representatives respond by stating that yes, such packages could be made possible.